Shijiazhuang City Hospital endocrinology department deputy chief physician Duan Junhong
Recently, researchers at the German Diabetes Research Center surveyed 1,105 people with prediabetes, and classified them as high - or low-risk phenotypes, and followed them for two years with regular and double-intensity exercise. The results show that more intense exercise can help high-risk people improve blood sugar and cardiometabolic levels, and reduce liver fat content to normal ranges. The findings have been published in the journal Diabetes.
Pre-diabetic patients get better blood sugar and cardiometabolic levels after intensive exercise, because exercise has an impact on various systems of the body, and sugar and fat are the main energy supply substances during exercise. When patients with pre-glucose increase the amount of exercise, their demand for sugar will also increase greatly, thus reducing blood sugar.
Exercise is an important part of diabetes management and treatment. Exercise can reduce the fasting blood glucose in patients with preglucose, and also has an effect on the control of blood glucose and total cholesterol 2 hours after meals. In addition, long-term regular aerobic exercise can benefit patients by increasing the utilization of blood sugar by skeletal muscle and controlling blood sugar concentration without relying on insulin.
When exercising, it is recommended to control the heart rate at 110 to 130 beats/min and exercise for 30 to 40 minutes five times a week. In order to avoid hypoglycemia, try to choose 30 to 60 minutes of exercise after a meal, which is more helpful to reduce blood sugar. In addition, try to avoid exercising in noisy environments and polluted air places. If you encounter physical discomfort during exercise, you should immediately stop exercising. It is important to note that not all people with diabetes are suitable for intensive exercise. Diabetic nephropathy patients exercise for a long time leads to the deterioration of nephropathy. Patients with severe arrhythmia, retinopathy, heart dysfunction, and gestational diabetes should not participate in intensive exercise.